Scientists at the Nanotechnology Research Center in London, UK, reported in the Journal of Applied Physics that they have developed compact, high-value resistors that can be used in nanoscale quantum circuits that promise to drive quantum computing devices and fundamental physics research. development of.
One example that needs to be applied to high value resistors is the quantum phase-slip circuit. The quantum phase slip circuit is made of a narrow wire made of superconducting material. It uses a basic, counter-intuitive quantum mechanical property called the quantum tunneling effect to overcome the insurmountable energy barrier in classical physics. Move the magnetic flux back and forth in the wire. In 2006, scientists at the Covey Institute of Nanoscience in the Netherlands proposed that the quantum phase slip circuit can be used to re-define the current international unit - Ampere, the current amperometric measurement technology still continues the macroscopic measurement method used in the 19th century, therefore Measurement accuracy is limited. Other scientific teams have also proposed that quantum sliding devices can be used as qubits for quantum computers.
Paul Warburton, an experimenter who specializes in the electronic properties of nanometer devices at the Nanotechnology Research Center in London, said that resistors are needed to isolate the fragile quantum states in quantum phase-slipping equipment from the noisy classical world to ensure stable operation of the device. . However, standard materials used to fabricate integrated circuit resistors generally do not meet the requirements of miniaturized, high-resistance resistors required for quantum phase slip circuits. Therefore, Warburton and his colleagues turned to chromium oxide, a compound, to develop this compact high-value nanometer resistor. According to the report of the Physicist Organization Network on December 9, they used the sputtering deposition technique to produce chromium oxide films. By controlling the oxygen content in the film, the resistance of the chromium oxide film can be adjusted: the higher the oxygen content, the greater the resistance value.
The researchers cooled the nanosheet resistance to 4.2 degrees Kelvin (minus 268.95 degrees Celsius) and measured the resistivity at various oxygen-chromium mass ratios. Materials with poor conductivity, such as chromium oxide films, generally have higher resistance at low temperatures, and the resistors used in quantum phase glide devices must also operate at sufficiently low temperatures to ensure that quantum effects can be achieved. The "victorious" classic effect works. In the chromium oxide film with the highest oxygen content, the researchers measured resistance values â€‹â€‹high enough to meet the compatibility requirements of most quantum phase slip circuits.
They also measured the contact resistance of a chromium oxide film at a germanium-silicon interface. Fabrication of quantum phase slip circuits using germanium-silicon nanowires is a method of defining new amperometric standards. The team found that adding a layer of gold between chromium oxide and tantalum-silicon can reduce the contact resistance, which is an advantageous result. In the next step they plan to integrate this new resistor into the quantum phase slip device. (Reporter Chen Dan)
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