Lingnan family likes to use ceramic tiles when decorating. On the one hand, because of the ceramic production base adjacent to Foshan, the resources are abundant. On the other hand, because the climate in the southern region is humid, the tiles are highly tolerant and easy to rationalize. Convenient family love. Home decoration usually puts tiles on the floor of the living room, dining room, balcony, kitchen and bathroom floor, and the proportion of decoration is quite large. Although the tiles seem simple, in the process of paving, there are still many details to be aware of, to avoid the safety hazards such as empty drums and falling tiles.
What to prepare before laying tiles?
Wall and floor need to be leveled
Although the tile is a hard durable product, but with the floor, the paving process will greatly affect the quality of use. In home renovations, the most common problem with tile paving is the empty drum. The so-called empty drum means that there is a gap between the tile and the wall and the ground. When the hard object hits the surface of the tile, it will make a "beep" empty drum sound. The tiles at the empty drum are easy to fall and chip, and the national regulations for the emptying of tiles should not exceed 5%. In order to avoid the empty tiles, before laying the tiles, the ground and wall should be leveled first, the horizontal error should not exceed 0.5mm, and the vertical gap should not exceed 3mm.
First paving the wall tiles or paving the tiles first?
Behind the wall
With the increasing number of tile styles, there has been a wave of choices in the market to select tiles as wall decorations. In addition to kitchens and bathrooms, living room walls and balcony walls are often tiled. In general, the construction order of the pavement is to first lay the wall tiles and then lay the tiles. In this way, the tiles will not be affected when the tiles are laid, and the paved tiles will be destroyed when the tiles are laid.
Do you need to soak before the tiles are laid?
Most of the time is needed
Many Raiders will tell you that before laying tiles, tiles must be soaked for about half a day. For most tiles, this is correct because there are many tiny voids inside the tile that cause a certain amount of water absorption. If it is not soaked in water, the tiles will absorb the moisture in the cement, resulting in a gap between the tile and the cement joint, resulting in poor adhesion, empty drums, and falling off the tiles. In general, tiles with a water absorption rate of more than 10% must be soaked for about half a day before being laid, and the tiles are not bubbled in the water. Many wallpapers use porcelain tiles, and their water absorption rate is relatively low. Tiles below 0.5% do not need to be soaked before paving.
How much is the gap in the tile reserved?
Different tile gaps are different
When laying tiles, there is a certain gap between bricks and bricks. What kind of gap size is suitable? Different types of tiles are different: in general, wall tiles are about 1-1.5mm, and floor tiles are usually about 1.5-2mm, not less than 1mm. The antique brick is relatively wide, about 3-5mm.
How to choose a caulk?
Visual effects are an important factor
There are two types of caulking agents on the market: sand and no sand. There is not much difference in performance between the two, but it is related to the overall visual effect. In general, bright tiles, vitrified tiles, etc. are suitable for sand-free joints; matt bricks and antique bricks are suitable for sand. The caulk has different colors, usually chooses the color close to the tile, and some choose the opposite color to the tile to form a strong contrast. Generally speaking, the caulking agent should be used after 24 hours of tiling to prevent the tile from being fixed and affecting the flatness of the paving.
How to check the tiles?
The acceptance of the tiles is relatively simple. From the surface, the tiles are not flat, the grouting agent is regular, and the tiles are cracked. In addition, each tile can be tapped with an empty drum hammer or a hard object, and the empty drum rate is less than 5%.
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